The extended mind

The extended mind: the tools we use to help us think

 Philosopher Andy Clark explores the concept of extended and embodied cognition

Where does the mind end and the world begin?

Our philosopher Andy Clark believes that the mind extends into the world and regularly entangles with a whole range of devices and objects, such as calculators and smartphones.

Objects like these help us remember and problem-solve and therefore should be considered part of the mind. According to Andy, there is no important difference between a person and the tools they use to help them think. Recognising that we are all so reliant on tools in our surroundings, Andy illustrates that disabled people who are reliant on objects such hearing aids are just like everybody else.

To find out more about Andy’s ideas on the extended mind, read the full article in the New Yorker:

The New Yorker – The Mind-Expanding Ideas of Andy Clark

“Where some fear disembodiment and social isolation, I anticipate multiple embodiment and social complexity.”

– Andy Clark
Professor of Logic and Metaphysics at the University of Edinburgh

About Andy Clark

Andy Clark is Professor of Logic and Metaphysics at the University of Edinburgh. His research interests include robotics, artificial life, embodied cognition, mind, technology, and culture.

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